It is related to, but not the same as, the aboriginal language of the Chinook people, upon which much of its vocabulary is based. More information: Wikipedia.
Native speakers: 640 in US (2010 census), unknown number in Canada
Chinook Grammar and Pronunciation
- A Brief History of Jargon Dictionaries. With bibliography.
- The Origins and Evolution of the Jargon.
- Jargon Sentence Structure.
- The Barclay Sound Vocabulary. An early record.
- Dr. Tolmie’s Notes, and other views of the Jargon from the Era.
- “Canoe and Saddle.” Perhaps the best-known book referring to the Jargon.
- “A Chipmunk and His Mother.” One of the tales recorded in Jargon by Melville Jacobs.
- “Judge” Swan and “Three Years’ Residence in Washington Territory.” An historical figure and his well-known book.
- Jargon Words in Other Languages. Several are absorbed into Native American languages, and one finds its way into Canadian Japanese.
- The Jargon’s Role in the Treaties of 1855.
- A “Jargon” of Our Own. Duane and a friend make their own jargon from various languages.
- Epilog to the “Tenas Wawa.” Duane’s 1995 closing letter to subscribers. (Background on the “Tenas Wawa,” and an overview of available Jargon materials.)
Digitized Grammar Books
This is not, as far as I can tell, the same list as one in another edition of Kamloops Wawa, as there are some differences in spelling that I remember from the other version. There are also some words included here which do not appear in the usual sources (Gibbs, Shaw, etc.).
Vocabulary-related (and digitized) E-books
Chinook Reading Materials
http://www.rjholton.com/cj/ Presented on this site are four Chinook Jargon dictionaries from the past which are not available elsewhere on-line in convenient form, for the benefit of students or for reference by distant scholars.